Show Buttons
Share On Facebook
Share On Twitter
Share On Google Plus
Share On Linkdin
Share On Reddit
Share On Stumbleupon
Contact us
Hide Buttons

Applying floats and clearfix to block elements

Name: float

Value: left | right | inherit | none

Characteristics :

  • Floating an element will cause it to move to the left-most or right-most edge of its parent container.
  • Floating removes the element from normal document flow and changes the stacking context.
  • It will cause elements below it to shift accordingly.

Iteration 1 : float: none; /* Default */

We have three colored square boxes, which are rendered according to the document flow and are stacked one after the other.

[codepen_embed height=”268″ theme_id=”0″ slug_hash=”MKJoYY” default_tab=”result” user=”kavitshah8″]See the Pen float-1 by Kavit Shah (@kavitshah8) on CodePen.[/codepen_embed]


Iteration 2 : float: right;

Floating the first red square to the right removes it from the document flow, hence the green square occupies the red square’s place as shown below.

[codepen_embed height=”268″ theme_id=”0″ slug_hash=”XXpgXK” default_tab=”result” user=”kavitshah8″]See the Pen float-3 by Kavit Shah (@kavitshah8) on CodePen.[/codepen_embed]


Iteration 3 : float: left;

Interestingly if we float the red square to left then it will overlap the green square as shown below.

  • The floated element has the higher stacking context, hence it’s being rendered on top of the non-floated element.

[codepen_embed height=”268″ theme_id=”0″ slug_hash=”NxdgqJ” default_tab=”result” user=”kavitshah8″]See the Pen float-2 by Kavit Shah (@kavitshah8) on CodePen.[/codepen_embed]


Iteration 4 : parent container collapsed

Applying, float: left to all the squares cause the container to collapse. Hence, you can not see the white background.

  • As all the colored sqaure are floated they have the same stacking context and they are relative to each other.

[codepen_embed height=”268″ theme_id=”0″ slug_hash=”Nxdgxm” default_tab=”result” user=”kavitshah8″]See the Pen float-4 by Kavit Shah (@kavitshah8) on CodePen.[/codepen_embed]


Iteration 5 : prevent parent container collapsed using extra markup

We can add an extra an element, after all the floated squares and give it a style of clear:both as shown below. It will prevent the container from collapsing. Hence, you can see the white background.

[codepen_embed height=”268″ theme_id=”0″ slug_hash=”VePWzx” default_tab=”result” user=”kavitshah8″]See the Pen float-5 by Kavit Shah (@kavitshah8) on CodePen.[/codepen_embed]


Iteration 6 : prevent parent container collapsed using overflow property on the container

We can add overflow:hidden, overflow:auto to the container element as shown below. It will prevent the container from collapsing. Hence, you can see the white background.

[codepen_embed height=”268″ theme_id=”0″ slug_hash=”XXpgep” default_tab=”result” user=”kavitshah8″]See the Pen float-6 by Kavit Shah (@kavitshah8) on CodePen.[/codepen_embed]


Check out James Williamson’s excellent tutorial on Clearfix !

Iteration 7 : prevent container collapsed using clearfix

clearfix is a technique to prevent the container collapsed as shown below.

[codepen_embed height=”268″ theme_id=”0″ slug_hash=”adpwqy” default_tab=”result” user=”kavitshah8″]See the Pen float-7 by Kavit Shah (@kavitshah8) on CodePen.[/codepen_embed]

Further reading about clearfix :

You may also like...